Gandhi museum is the memorial museum and it is also a tourist place,located in the city of Madurai in Tamilnadu.
The Museum was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 April 1959.It is now one of the five Gandhi Sanghralayas (Gandhi Museums) in the country. It includes a part of the blood-stained garment worn by Gandhi when he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
History of the museum
The Gandhi Memorial museum at Madurai has been built and organised by the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi. It was in Madurai, in the year 1921, that Gandhiji adopted for the first time the loin cloth as his mode of dress which made him known throughout the world as the “Half Naked Fakir”.
It was in Madurai again that the doors of the great Meenakshi Temple were thrown open to Harijans, thus winning a historic battle against ‘Untouchability’. Gandhiji visited this temple in 1946 along with the Harijans as a triumph for the cause of Harijan Temple Entry.
Years after the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948 an appeal was made to the citizens of India nationwide to build memorials for Gandhi. With the help of contributions from poor and rich citizens of India, a trust was established with the name Mahatma Gandhi National Memorial Trust, for this cause.
This museum was inaugurated by the former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 15 April 1959. Gandhi Memorial Museum in Madurai comes under the Peace Museums Worldwide selected by United Nations Organisation(UNO).The palace of Rani Mangammal has been renovated and converted into the museum.
Structure of the museum
- The museum structure is very beautiful and very large.It takes more time to visit the whole place.
- The building that houses the Gandhi Memorial Museum Madurai is the historic Tamukkam Palace of Rani Mangammal of Naick dynasty built about 1670 A.D.
- It was in 1955 that the palace with about 13 acres of land was gifted by the Tamilnadu State Government, to the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi for the purpose of housing Gandhi Memorial Museum.
Biography of Gandhiji
- A visual biography of gandhiji is kept in the museum.All the vistors can see it.
- Located in a quiet place, it is a very good memorial of Gandhiji, it contains a “Visual Biography of Bapuji” containing photos, paintings, sculptures, manuscripts, quotations and some of the selected Photostat copies of many of letters written by him and some of his renderings.
- This section contains 124 rare photographs depicting various phases of Mahatma Gandhi right from his childhood days until being taken to the crematorium.
- The pictures displayed here are carefully selected making viewers remember the importance of a national leader, who lived his life as an example to all.
Specialities of the museum
- In front of the main building, a little towards south, there is “Gandhi Kudhil”- a replica of Gandhiji’s hut in Sevagram.
- The northern side of this building, houses the Library, which contains books giving the cultural background of India, books on and by Gandhiji and allied literature. There are about 20,00 volumes in the library. Photostat copies of about 2,70,000 letters of Gandhiji and 62 reels of Micro-films are the very important and valuable part of the collections in the Library.
- To the south of the building is a big open-air theatre with a capacity to accommodate about 8,000 people. Cultural programmes, weekly film shows and public meetings on special occasions are held in this theatre.
- Gandhiji’s spot shotted dress is preserved in the dark room inside the museum.Dress is full of red blood strained in it.
The gandhi museum should be visited by all age peoples and know the struggles how the gandhiji overcome from it. Also view the unknown photos kept in the museum.
10AM-1PM and 2PM-5.45PM