Rangoli Designs

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Rangoli is an art form from India during which patterns square measure created on the ground in living rooms or courtyards.

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It’s typically created throughout Diwali (Deepavali), Onam, Pongal and alternative Indian festivals. Styles square measure passed from one generation to future, keeping each the variety and therefore the tradition alive.

Rangoli Introduction

Rangoli may be a standard variety among Indian ladies. Rangoli square measure painted on the bottom ahead of homes exploitation coloured rice powder — generally supplemented by flower petals and alternative colourful materials. Rangoli square measure generally painted throughout the tamil month of Maarkazhi (between December fifteenth and January 15th).

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The various names for this variety and similar practices embrace Kolam in Tamil Nadu, Mandana in Rajasthan, Chowkpurana in Chhattisgarh, Alpana in province, Aripana in state, Chowk pujan in state, Muggu in Andhra Pradesh, Golam Kolam or kalam in Kerala and others.

The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it’s thought to bring smart luck. Style depictions may additionally vary as they mirror traditions, traditional knowledge and practices that square measure distinctive to every space. it’s historically done by ladies.

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Generally, this follow is showcased throughout occasions like festivals, auspicious observances, wedding celebrations and alternative similar milestones and gatherings. Rangoli designs may be straightforward geometric shapes, divinity impressions, or flower and flower petal shapes, however they will even be terribly elaborate styles crafted by varied folks.

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The bottom material is sometimes dry or wet fine-grained rice or dry flour and alternative natural colors may be additional. Alternative materials embrace coloured sand, red brick powder and even flowers and petals, as within the case of flower rangolis.

Significance

Rangoli comes from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’. Rangoli is an art that precedes sculpture and painting. it’s each an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any ceremony. the 2 aims of drawing rangoli:

  • Beauty
  • Auspiciousness/Spirituality

Faith and beliefs

Rangoli drawn ahead of the house as a religion and tradition.

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In Tamil Nadu there’s a rife story, that Andaal idolized Lord Thirumaal and was married to him within the month of Margazhi. therefore throughout this month, single women get on my feet before dawn and draw a Rangoli to welcome the god Thirumal.

Mentions of rangoli creation also are found in Hindu mythology. confer references to Rangoli in legend, like within the – Ramayana at Sita’s wedding collapsible shelter wherever the discussion refers to rangoli there. Cultural development of Rangoli within the South originated within the era of the Chola Rulers. There area unit trendy and ancient rangoli styles. The styles area unit sometimes impressed naturally, however they will even be within the style of genre.

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Creation of Rangoli

There area unit 2 primary ways that to form a Rangoli, dry and wet, bearing on the materials wont to produce the define and (if desired) fill that define with color. employing a white material like chalk, sand, paint or flour, the creator marks a centre-point on the bottom and cardinal points around it, sometimes in a very square, polygon or circle reckoning on region and private preference.

Motifs from nature (leaves, petals, feathers) and geometric patterns area unit common. “Readymade Rangoli” patterns, usually as stencils or stickers, are getting common, creating it easier to form elaborated or precise styles.

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Once the define is complete, the creator might value more highly to illuminate it with color, once more mistreatment either wet or dry ingredients like paints, colored rice-water, mineral powder, colored sand or dry pigments.

The creator may also opt for unprocessed materials like seeds, grains, spices, leaves or flower petals to realize lifelike hues. trendy materials likecrayons, dyes or bleached materials, acrylic paints and artificial colouring agents also are changing into common, granting sensible and spirited color selections. a more moderen however less artificial technique involves mistreatment cement colored with marble powder.

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A sq. grid is common in North Asian country as could be a polygon grid in South India; Onam Rangolis area unit generally circular. In North Asian country, the color is most frequently supported mineral (chirodi), within the South Asian country on rice flour and Onam Rangolis area unit generally flower primarily based.

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In different states

Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has completely different names in numerous states of India; as an example, Rangoli in Mysore, Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripan in state, Alpana in geographical area, Sanskar Bharti in geographic region, Dravidian in Tamil Nadu, Muggulu in Andhra Pradhesh, Alikhthap in Kumaon, Kalam in Kerala, and Saathiya in Gujarat.

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In geographic region, rangolis area unit drawn on the doors of homes so evil forces making an attempt to enter area unit repelled. throughout the pageant of Onam in Kerala, flowers area unit set down for every of the 10 days of the celebration, the planning growing larger and a lot of complicated daily. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradhesh and Mysore, the Dravidian is drawn upon the bottom or floor daily.

In Rajasthan the Mandana area unit painted on walls. Mmandne, numerous festivals, major festivals and may be categorised supported seasons. completely different shapes reckoning on the scale of it can also be shared.

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Key components

Some major symbols employed in Rangoli area unit the lotus flower, its leaves, mango, fish, completely different reasonably birds like parrots, swans, peacocks, and human figures and foliage. frequently Rangoli area unit created on special occasions like Diwali. Some special patterns for Diwali Rangoli area unit the Diya conjointly known as Deep, Ganesha, Lakshmi, flowers or birds of Asian country.

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The second key part is mistreatment the materials wont to create the rangoli. The materials used area unit simply found everyplace. so this art is rife all told homes, wealthy or poor. commonly the most important ingredients wont to create rangoli area unit – Pise rice resolution, dried powder made up of the leaves color, charcoal, burned soil was, wood wood, etc..

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The third vital part is that the background. Rangoli use the background of a transparent floor or wall or L type is employed. Rangoli may be created in a very yard within the middle, corners, or as a bell is made around. Dehri entree could be a tradition of creating rangoli.

God’s seat, reckoning on lamp, place of worship and sacrifice on the altar could be a tradition of decorating rangoli. With time, imagination and innovative ideas in Rangoli art is additionally incorporated.

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 Rangoli is additionally created mistreatment colored rice, dry flour, flower petals, turmeric (haldi), Chinese-red (Sindoor) and colored sand. The patterns embody the face of Hindu deities, geometric shapes peacock motifs and spherical floral styles.

This makes rangoli a illustration of India’s wealthy heritage and therefore the indisputable fact that it’s a land of festivals and color.

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