Bhavanisagar Dam or Lower Bhavani Dam, is located in Erode district, Tamil Nadu, India. The dam is constructed on the Bhavani river.
It is one of the worlds largest Earthen Dam. The dam is situated some 16 km (9.9 mi) west of Sathyamangalam, is 35 km (22 mi) from Gobichettipalayam and is 36 km (22 mi) north-east to Mettupalayam.
History of the dam
The Lower Bhavani Project was the first major irrigation project initiated in India after independence in 1948. It was completed by 1955 and opened for use in 1956. The dam was constructed at a cost of 210 million (US$3.1 million).
The dam is 8 kilometres long by 40 metres high (5 mi long by 131 ft). The full reservoir level is 120 ft (37 m) and the dam has a capacity of 32.8×109 cu ft (930×106 m3).
Bhavanisagar dam is constructed on the Bhavani River. The dam receives water from two main catchment areas in the Western Ghats. The water is fed into the Bhavani river known as Upper Bhavani.
The eastern catchment area includes the Upper Bhavani, Avalanche and Emerald lakes, Kundha, Gedhai, Pillur and Nellithurai . The western catchment area includes Portimund, Parson’s valley, Pykara, Glenmorgan, Chinkara, Maravakandy, Moyar and Thengumarahatta.
The dam is fed by both Southwest and Northeast monsoons.
Two Canals of the dam
The dam feeds water into two canals:
Lower Bhavani Project Canal and Kalingarayan Canal. The Kalingarayan canal feeds Thadapalli and Arakkankottai channels and the LBP canal feeds the Thadapalli and Arakankottai channels.
|Lower Bhavani Project Canal||103 thousand acres (420 km2)|
|Kalingarayan canal||15.743 thousand acres (63.71 km2)|
|Thadapalli and Arakankottai||24.504 thousand acres (99.16 km2)|
The dam has two hydrodelectric power stations, one on the east bank canal and the other on the Bhavani river. Each has a capacity of 16 megawatts (21,000 hp) for a total capacity of 32 megawatts (43,000 hp).
Activities in the dam
Bhavanisagar Dam is a lovely picnic spot. You can enjoy some magnificent views here of Ooty (Ootacamund) and Coonoor and also Doddabetta, Devashola Hills and the Bhavani Valley. In the distance you can spot the verdant Anamalais.
The lovely orchard in the park is a big draw for tourists. For a spot of activity, you could check out the small channel where you can indulge in some boating. The gleaming waters of the reservoir make for a picturesque and soothing sight.
Open Timings :
Mon-Sun : 08:00 AM – 05:00 PM