Sun Temple at Modhera is one of the few shrines that are dedicated to the Sun God. This temple is designed as first ray of the sun fell on the image of sun.
The temple is situated on the banks of Pushpavati River in Modhera, Sun Temple is easily accessible from Ahmadabad, the largest city of Gujarat.
The Sun Temple was built during the reign of Bhima I of Solanki dynasty in 1026-1027 (Vikram Samvat 1083). The temple was attacked and damaged by Mahmud Ghazni.
The place was later known as Sita Ni Chauri and Ramkund locally.
No worship is offered here now. The temple is Monument of National Importance and is maintained by Archeological Survey of India.
Modhera’s sun Temple’s architecture is similar to the Konark Sun Temple. The temple complex is built in Maru-Gujarat style.
The temple complex has three axially aligned components; the shrine proper in a hall, the outer or assembly hall and a sacred reservoir. Both are built on paved platform.
The platform or plinth is inverted lotus shaped.
Surya Kund is a deep stepped tank in front of temple. The tank was named after Lord Surya. In the earlier times, this 100 sq meter rectangular tank was used to store pure water.
In front of this tank, a huge torana leads to the Sabha Mandap.
Literally, Sabha Mandap refers to an assembly hall where religious gatherings and conferences are conducted. This hall is open from all the four sides and has 52 delicately carved pillars.
Guda Mandap is the sanctum sanctorum that is supported by a lotus-base plinth. Once, this hall used to house the idol of the Sun God.
The pillars of Sabhamandapa and Gudhamandapa are of two types short and tall. The short pillars rest on walls and support the roof. The tall pillars rise from the floor.
The Tourism Corporation of Gujarat organised an annual three-day dance festival at the temple in January, following the festival of Uttarayan.
The objective is to present classical dance forms in an atmosphere similar to that in which they were originally presented.
How to reach
One can easily reach Modhera Sun Temple by taking regular Buses or by hiring taxis from anywhere in Gujarat.